Night Terrors are a form of sleep disruption that occurs during non-Rapid Eye Movement (non-REM) sleep or the deeper phases of sleep. Unlike, nightmares, which occur during Rapid Eye Movement (REM) sleep or lighter phases of sleep.
In children, night terrors will typically present between the ages of 3 and 12 years with a peak onset around 3.5 years of age. It is estimated that approx. 1-6% of children will experience night terrors.
Night Terrors are more likely to occur in the earlier phases of sleep. Parents often report that the terror will occur before the parent goes to bed themselves. So, prior to midnight.
Night terrors can be really distressing for parents. Your child is likely to present with screaming, very distressed, thrashing about. They may sweat and have rapid breathing and heart rate. Generally, they will sit bolt upright, with eyes wide open. They appear to be awake rather than asleep. Your child is somewhere between being asleep and awake.
It is like they are transitioning through a sleep phase and are somewhat in a sleep limbo. Your best efforts to calm them down or wake them actually appear to make the situation worse and exasperate the terror.
The exact causes of night terrors are not known but continually studied. It is thought that too little sleep or overtiredness can contribute to night terrors in children.
So, ensuring that you make sleep a priority in your home and put healthy sleep habits in place for your child is essential. Make sure that they are getting enough sleep as recommended by age range and activity levels.
If your child is having regular terrors, I would recommend that you start to keep a log and track them. Take notes on how they present, the time of the terror, and the duration. Coupled with that start keeping a food and activity diary for your child to see if you can find any correlation between something that is happening in the daytime with when a terror presents itself.
If you are finding a pattern around the timing of terrors occurring you may and try to slightly wake your child approx. 20-30 mins prior to that timeframe. This technique may disrupt the sleeping pattern enough to shift the terror out and push them into the next sleep cycle. Techniques like this are worth trying however they may not always produce the fix that you are looking for.
Ultimately, if you are experiencing regular night terrors with your child and it is bringing you concern link in with your family doctor. Make sure you are armed with your log or diary of what has been happening so that you can immediately show your doctor the frequency of the terrors. Sometimes, they do require further investigation, and a referral to a pediatrician or sleep clinic may be recommended.